Inflammation of gum line and in turn deterioration of teeth is termed as gum disease. There are three main stages of gum diseases- gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. Fremantle Smiles Dental Clinic is one of the best clinics that offers a wide range of services and solutions for oral and dental issues. Prevention is always better than cure. It is better to take precautionary measures to prevent infections and decrease the intake of medicines. The website www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/conditions/gum-disease suggests best ways to avoid diseases of gum that is a treasure trove.
Symptoms of gum diseases:
Bad taste and breath
Sensitivity to temperatures
Bleeding, red and swollen gums
Shooting sharp pain
Misfit of dentures
Causes of gum diseases:
A bacterium exists in plaque and is colorless and sticky. It forms continuously over the teeth and gums. Plaque if not removed, hardens as tartar. Brushing and flossing will not help in removing tartar. The help of a professional dentist is required for its removal.
Three stages of gum diseases and their diagnosis:
Plaque, as we know, hardens into tartar and the surface becomes rough and impenetrable. This encourages the furthermore growth of plaque.
Stages of infection:
3) Gum tissue
4) Bones supporting the teeth
Gingivitis: This is the first stage of gum disease and is characterized by inflammation of gums that is noticeable along the gum line. It causes redness and swelling of gums. Bleeding might occur during brushing. This stage is reversible as the tissues and bones are not yet infected.
Periodontitis: The infection is spread to the bones and tissues supporting the teeth and gums. This stage is not reversible. Sagging and misfit of gums occur, and plaque starts spreading inside the teeth. Oral hygiene is critical and it is advisable to consult a dental surgeon at this stage.
Advanced periodontitis: More and more fibers, bones get damaged at this stage, and the teeth are loosened. This affects eating, tearing, biting and communication. Care should be taken that apt treatment is given otherwise removal of teeth is required at this stage. In case the teeth have to be removed, restorative options like dentures are available.
To prevent gum diseases, to brush and to floss at regular intervals is very important. Antibacterial toothpaste and mouthwashes are to be used. Removing plaque is the key to prevent damage. Mouthwashes and gum washes are available in various flavors to prevent the buildup of plaque.
Doctors have proved that there is a relation between gum diseases and other ailments. Diabetes can cause periodontal gum disease. Damage to gums and problems in other parts of the body are interrelated. Oral infections are related to diabetes, heart strokes, and cancer.
Plaque hardened into tartar can be removed only by dental professionals. Visiting a dentist regularly and getting checkups done is highly recommended.
Root canal treatments help decayed tooth, and ultrasonic scaling is used to remove the tartar. More severe treatments include laser surgery, gingival flap surgery, and bone grafting.